Karst is a special type of geological landscape that is formed by the dissolution of soluble rocks, including limestone and dolomite. Karst regions contain aquifers that are capable of providing large supplies of water, and more than 25 percent of the world’s population either lives on or obtains its water from these aquifers.
However, due to the relatively rapid rate of water flow and the lack of a natural filtration system, karst systems are vulnerable to ground water pollution which puts local drinking water supplies at risk of being contaminated.
And that is the background to an ongoing community protest which in terms of the commitment, imagination, political shenanigans and tragedy has captured the interest and support of a very wide section of Indonesia’s population.
It is truly a ‘Them versus Us’ scenario, and this cement factory is ‘Them’.
Pabrik Semen Rembang
Kendeng, in the Central Java regency of Rembeng, is in a karst region whose waters have been used by farmers for many generations. In June 2014 PT Semen Indonesia began the construction of a cement plant in Rembang: limestone in karst is a key ingredient of cement. However, PT Semen had yet to produce a ‘strategic environmental assessment’ (KLHS), a legal necessity.
The farmers, therefore sought an injunction calling for a halt to construction, and to publicise their case the farmers held their novel protest of encasing their feet in cement and ‘camping’ in front of the Presidential Palace in Jakarta.
In October last year , the Supreme Court ruled in favour of the farmers and ordered Semen Indonesia to cease its activities, as did President Jokowi who ordered Rembang’s cement factory to cease operations until the KLHS report was complete. Having revoked the permit on January 16th, Central Java Governor Ganjar Pranowo then issued a new environmental permit on February 23rd, Yet the KLHS is still not complete, and so the protest resumed.
As the Post says, while the Supreme Court ruling is final and binding, especially because it gives no more room to the government to contest the matter, the government’s ignorance of the decision only demonstrates its disrespect for the rule of law, which it ironically has consistently been advocating. Worse still, the government’s failure to comply with the Supreme Court ruling will create legal uncertainty, one of the key challenges facing the country’s quest for legal reform.
It was the absence of legal certainty, or justice undelivered, that led the farmers to come to Jakarta
Sadly, Patmi, one of the about 100 farmers who were staging their renewed protest in front of the State Palace, died of a heart attack early on Tuesday. The sympathy.this has engendered has brought “snowballing support” from individuals, community groups and state organisations including the National Commission of Human Rights (Komnas HAM). The Legal Aid Institute Foundation (YLBHI) has housed and fed the farmers while they have been in Jakarta.
The campaign has brought out the best in graphic artists, and I’ve included several examples and a few photographs, many found on the Twitter feed of Womens’ March Jakarta, in a downloadable folder here.
“Rage is the only quality which has kept me … writing columns for newspapers.” – Pulitzer Prize winning journalist Jimmy Breslin
All residents in Indonesia can offer examples of the hassles of overcoming red tape in this country, But was the “ten working days” mantra I focussed on in my last post brought into Indonesia by my fellow Brits? I ask because Jakartass is nothing if not balanced, and to demonstrate that my rage is not indiscriminate, do have a read of this post from five and a bit years ago.
Continuing in that vein, I thought of various titles for this section of my analysis of the unseen barrier between Them and Us. Some included the word ‘stupid’. I know that if I were to use it my readership would inevitably rise because what I wrote here seven and a half years ago regularly pops up in the top post list in the sidebar to the right.
One synonym for ‘stupid’ is ‘mindless’ and another ‘thoughtless’.
(n): the conscious experience and thought process
(vt): to tend, take care of s/t. “Would you mind my seat while I get a coffee, please?”
“Sure, no problem.”
(vt): To object to s/t.
“Would you mind filling in this form?”
“Yes I would; you’ll have to do it for me.”
Simple Minds (n.pl)
“Because the world is full of fools … it doesn’t make them bad people.”
– Kevin Coyne 2007 Floods
1. The floods in early February 2007 were by far the most serious experienced in Jakarta, but Governor Sutiyoso, who had been appointed by central government, was quick to say that the floods are a natural phenomenon.
His deputy, Fauzi Bowo, who was to be the first directly elected governor, offered the excuse that there was nothing that could have been done to prevent them because “floods happen everywhere in the world.“
2. Permadi, the mystical member of Parliament, then aged 66, engaged a little more with what is sometimes called the reality-based world.
“From a spiritual perspective,” he said, “there are two ways of looking at the flood. One of them is the bad karma of both national and local leaders.”
“The other is that it is now the rainy season.”
2013 At the time, Indonesia was in the second lowest rank amongst Asia-Pacific countries in terms of average Internet connection speed. The then Minister of Communication and Information Tifatul Sembiring, popularly known as the Twittering Simplefool, tweeted this: “Fellow twitters, what would you use the internet for if its speed is faster?” (Jakartass exclusive interview)
2016 Indonesia Bermutu was a project part-funded by the World Bank which closed at the end of 2013. It aimed to reform education management and thus encourage universal teacher upgrading.
Education researcher from Indonesia Bermutu Eka Putri Handayani was reported to have said last December that the Ujian Nasional (National Exam) creates high psychological distress to students. As a result, the level of stress experienced by students increases.
Erm … yes, Eka … so?
Inoperable Laws which Seemed Like A Good Idea At The Time’
Although Law No. 37/1999 on Foreign Relations mentions the right to apply for asylum, these provisions have not been properly implemented and remain inaccessible for asylum seekers coming to Indonesia who instead entirely rely on the UN Refugee Agency, UNHCR
“That One-Stop-Shop in the HQ of the National Investment Board (BKPM) was lots of desks with a staff member at each from the relevant ministry which was expected to offer licences. In our case, it was umpteen stops, formal and informal meetings, and SMSs seeking confidential information The online form submission system was complicated, and any mistake was responded to with an email saying a mistake had been made … but without saying what it was.”
April 26th 2016
Trade Minister Thomas Lembong said during the National Consumer Day that “the small number of consumer complaints is due to a lack of knowledge of existing consumer protections.”
In other words, he thinks there should be a lot more complaints.
March 22nd 2017
“Consumer education and protection must be put as our first priority,” President Jokowi said at the opening of a closed-door Cabinet meeting. He noted that while Indonesian consumers were now starting to understand their rights, they were still unable to fight for them.”
Presumably that’s “due to a lack of knowledge of existing consumer protections.”
Civilian: “How long will this take?” Bureaucrat: “Two weeks or ten working days.”
I’ve had that mantra repeated to me for the past fifteen months, of which I’ll say more later.
I visited Bank Indonesia to deposit a letter requesting an urgent meeting. Naturally I should have remembered that bureaucrats clock in and clock out as if they are metronomes, so I shouldn’t have gone there twenty minutes before noon – lunch time.
“Send an email,” I was advised.
So I did, and this was what I received by return …
Four months later I received the letter notifying me about the requested meeting – it gave sufficient advance notice, but took three days to cross town by courier. A legless war veteran would have been quicker.
The meeting I requested took place ahead of a ‘Fasilitasi’. I’d wanted to know if that would be a waste of time … and so it proved thanks to a mixture of ‘alternative facts’ offered without proof. That the one piece of photographic ‘evidence’ produced verified what I’d been saying for over a year was not taken into consideration. Nor were the many possible alternative scenarios.
(The details of my unfinished saga are sub judice for now.)
“To see the self as deceiving itself has seemed the only way to explain what might otherwise be incomprehensible – a person’s failure to acknowledge what is too obvious to miss.” Bok, 1989, p. 60 (pdf)
While there has been a rush to explain and remedy the unethical corporate practices that now seem commonplace, one of the newest entrants – the psychological processes behind unethical decision making – appears to be the most promising.
This is all a bit academic for Jakartass, but labelling this process as Ethical Fading* makes it a bit clearer. However, given that research into it goes back at least fifty years, and that it is prevalent in most countries now, does lttle to encourage hopes for the future. We regularly hear about this service and that going online, but it must not be forgotten that there’s someone at the far end and all you might have saved are a few hours stuck in traffic.
And that’s time spent downloading forms, printing them, realising that 2mm high boxes for your name and address are w-a-a-y too narrow, and that you’ve then got to scan the completed forms, print them as a pdf file and send them back. But the internet is down, and when it isn’t, you haven’t got the bandwidth.
So you telephone, talk to a bot … oh, and hang-it-all … you go to the office, request a meeting, and are told to send an email … which is received by a Customer Care Centre and you get an automated reply like the one above.
*The easily digestible master’s degree thesis is focussed on the corporate world, and there is a substantial difference between corporate employees and civil servants. My last post highlighted the ‘me first’ attitude among the supposedly civil servants. This, thankfully, is slowly undergoing a change in mindset through the efforts of some regional governors and the national government. However, the corporate world in Indonesia is slow to acknowledge the need to service its customer/client base.
There was a time when wronged and uncompensated consumers would get results from a letter to the print media. However, newspapers now have a much lower circulation and face stiff competition from online social media. Here in Indonesia online complainants about bad service are liable to be sued for defamation.
fr. this page In 2008, Indonesia issued a Law on Electronic Information and Transactions (“Law No. 11 of 2008”). In Article 27 paragraph 3 in conjunction with Article 45 paragraph 1, and Article 36 in conjunction with Article 51 paragraph 2 Law No. 11 of 2008 has criminal sanctions for defamation on the internet, which is 6 years’ imprisonment, or 12 years’ imprisonment, if the defamation causes harm or losses to others.
In implementing Law No.11 of 2008, most Indonesian cyber law practitioners and scholars have related such provisions to Article 310 of the Indonesian Criminal Code (“KUHP”) specifically Article 310 paragraph 1, which reads: “Whoever intentionally harms a person’s honor or reputation with an accusation about a specific matter with a real intention to publish such accusation shall be sentenced for defamation to nine months of imprisonment and a fine of Rp 4,500.”
I won’t therefore name the ‘customer’, the bank or its branch where she sought a loan to meet immediate needs. With a land certificate as collateral, she filled in the forms and then waited the requisite two (plus one) weeks. Not having heard back, she returned to the branch where she was told that the loan had been refused because she was older than 55, the cut off point.
Now why wasn’t she told that immediately on her first visit?
I can only surmise that complacency and prevarication are written in to job descriptions, along with fake smiles.
Corporate staff have less job security, and are also prepared to change companies for a higher salary. They are also employed to protect the bottom line, the profits which are proffered to shareholders, the priority stakeholders within the company. Those of us not prepared to gamble on the stock exchange are often viewed and treated as fools to be fobbed off with advertorials extolling Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) programmes and Buy Five, Get One Free promotions.
There is a Consumer Protection Law(pdf), Law No.8 1999, but it is little known among the populace, and its terms are blithely ignored as there is too little in the way of an infrastructure to enforce consumer rights.
Consumer Dispute Settlement Boards (Badan Penyelesaian Sengeta Konsumen – BPSK) were established by Presidential Decree No. 90 of 2001. Their decisions are final and binding on both parties, although they are “committed to resolve the problems of consumers on the basis of win-win solution.” They can only rule on “compensation directly experienced by consumers due to the fault or negligence of businesses.” Immaterial compensation, i.e. other losses incurred as a consequence of the business’ fault or negligence cannot be handled by BPSK.
These eleven – if there are more, please let me know – Bandung, Central, North and West Jakarta, Makassar, Medan, Semarang, Palembang, Surabaya, Yogyakarta and Malang, which was inaugurated on August 18, 2016 – appear to average a dozen settlements a month. After sixteen years, one would have expected a lot more.
Yayasan Lembaga Konsumen Indonesia (YLKI) is the national consumers organisation and was established as far back as May 11th 1973. They say that their main activities are mainly in the form of study, research, survey, education and publishing, advocacy, seminar, empowerment of the consumer society, and development and community assistance. They have limited resources, seek public donations and operate out of a backstreet house in south Jakarta and are staffed by young interns, albethey law graduates. Therefore, in terms of helping consumers get redress they can only offer advice. Find them on Facebook here.
Is there a conclusion?
There will be in my personal saga, but I can no longer describe myself as an “unashamed idealist”. I doubt that society will change in time to prevent the catastrophic events reducing humanity to pre-industrial revolution lifestyles. Rising sea-levels, the 20 million facing famine and starvation in Somalia, the proxy wars which lead to arms races are upon us now … and the process of turning us into consuming sheep began nearly 100 years ago …
According to this report from the NGO Indonesia Corruption Watch (NCW), in 2016 law enforcement agencies including the Prosecutor’s Office, the police and the Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK) handled 482 corruption cases. From the 482 cases,1,101 suspects have been named, with Rp.1.45 trillion (c.$2 billion) in state losses and some Rp 31 billion paid in bribes.
ICW researcher Aradila Caesar said last Saturday: “There is a high possibility that the procurement of goods and services remains the favorite sector to garner profits.”
A high-profile trialon alleged corruption in the procurement of electronic identity cards (e-KTP) in 2011 and 2012 is currently underway. Defendants in the case include Irman, the former director general for population and civil registration at the Home Ministry, and Sugiharto, the former managing director at the same directorate general. The project value was Rp.5.9 trillion (US$442.31 million), of which KPK has indicated Rp.2.3 trillion in state losses.
Apart from the state’s losses, it’s the rakyat, citizenry, who also lose because many of those without the new electronic ID cards were unable to vote in the recent round, and may be unable to vote in the run offs due to take place next month. Sadly, those who voted were ‘robbed’ as well with many elected officials enriching themselves. One notorious example is former Banten governor Ratu Atut Chosiyah [who] has been indicted for allegedly inflicting Rp 79.79 billion (US$5.95 million) in state losses by allegedly abusing her authority as governor to enrich herself and other parties.
Moreover, the 2014 Law on regional administration has not diminished corruption in the regions.
One of the critical issues in the Indonesian public sector is the bureaucratic reform program which in 2004 was implemented as a pilot project in three central agencies, i.e. the Ministry of Finance, the National Finance Auditor Board, and the Supreme Court.
The central government revised it in 2010 through the Presidential Regulation (Perpres) No. 81/ 010 concerning Grand Design Bureaucratic Reform 2010-2025. Eight changes were expected to result bureaucratic areas, including organization, business processing, regulation, human resources, scrutiny, accountability, public service, and the officials’ mindset and culture set.
Law No. 5/2014 on State Civil Apparatus(pdf) is a further legal basis for bureaucratic reform, and is expected to make a difference as it stipulates that promotion and rotation should be free from conflicts of interest The law acknowledges meritocracy as the only consideration for the appointment of civil servants to certain jobs as the recruitment process should provide a level playing field for all.
Compliance with the system will prevent elected leaders from handpicking their cronies for strategic posts as a reward for their support in elections as well as those people who are willing to ‘pay’ for jobs.
This series of posts remains a ‘work in progress’ with an ultimate focus. That I am as yet unsure of the how and when of the conclusion, I am contenting myself in trying to understand the ‘mindset’ of Indonesians who act as the ‘barrier’ between those who make decisions and those seeking social justice.
The next post will include these two words: prevarication and complacency.
Barack Obama: “In a democracy, laws alone are not enough: hearts must change.“
I used that quote in Part One of this series, but it’s also most pertinent in this section.
If we define democracy as “an elected system of government by the people for the people” and people as members of “a community as distinguished from any privileged class” then unelected bureacucrats are there to serve the citizenry. In the UK, the state’s bureaucrats are called civil servants, so their role is implicit in their job title.
“Rules Is Rules” applies in the UK state bureaucracies. The problem is that “when the rules are arbitrary and rigid, anyone can find themselves on the wrong side of them,” and treated without empathy or compassion.
Brexit is causing panic among many Europeans (i.e. non-Brits) who have made the UK their home. For example, there is the man told to take the citizenship test despite having lived his entire life in the UK! But he’s not alone:
The 85-page (!) permanent residency application form has been heavily criticised as not being fit for purpose, with some Europeans rejected because of some bureaucratic mix-up that meant they were sent letters asking them to “prepare to leave” the country.
Here in Indonesia, rules are not so rigid, but they certainly seem to be arbitrary, and/or less than transparent. All are in thrall to whoever sits behind the counter or on the opposite side of the desk.
There is a determined and popular drive to reform Indonesia’s bureaucracy, but there is resistance to it from within.
Yes, ‘we, the people’, expect neutrality and impartiality from the bureaucrats tasked with ‘processing’ policies. As does the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) who commissioned a report Transforming administration – strengthening innovation. This was to be carried out by Indonesia’s Ministry of Administrative Reform with a clear objective: that the “public administration acts more effectively and efficiently with a greater focus on accountability and is more citizen-centred.”
Most laudable considering that “the productivity of the public service is usually low: not all civil servants are well trained, act in a professional manner and work transparently. On the whole, administrative processes are not geared towards performance. Government and administrative structures are characterised by unclear competences, a competitive attitude and political power struggles, which result in a large number of conflicting provisions, regulations and laws.“
One such law is Law No. 5/2014 on State Civil Apparatus(pdf, in bhs. Indonesia) which is a legal basis for bureaucratic reform as it stipulates that promotion and rotation should be free from conflicts of interest. The law acknowledges meritocracy as the only consideration for appointment of civiI servants to certain jobs through recruitment systems, which should provide a level playing field for all.
However, the neutrality of the State Civil Apparatus is influenced by, among others, the factors of the ambition of employees, primordialism, and the working environment.
One primordial’ factor is institutionalised corruption which is ‘normalised’ in Indonesia. It is practised by strategically blurring ‘bribe’ with ‘token of appreciation’. This mimics a centuries old political system of gift giving: the upeti system. Upeti literally means ‘tribute to the king from his followers, [and] the system was initially applied in the feudal period, where a king’s power was measured by the amount of tribute he received from his followers. In return for tribute, the king would protect the local population from outside threats (such as foreign invasion). (cf. Priyadi in 3a)
Suharto perpetuated upeti and although he ‘abdicated’ nearly twenty years ago, his family and inner circle, or their heirs, continue to thrive. And many legislators and administrators have elevated themselves beyond their station.
Apart from the ‘culture’ within a department, another major concern, is that legislation may be passed, but there is a consistent failure to ‘socialise’ the new or revised policies. Furthermore, the enforcing regulations may not be in place for several years. This gives rise to a local version of what is known in the USA as the ‘Chevron deference‘.
This is a doctrine from a 1984 court ruling [which] gives agencies wide latitude to interpret laws when they are vaguely written. When Congress passes a law that does not have a clear meaning, the agency charged with applying the law should have the first crack at interpreting it.
These reports are needed to keep the machines of politics and business running, or so we mere mortals are lead to understand. We are lead to believe that our welfare depends on “economic development”, so we are bidden to produce and consume …
… while politicians sleep.
Behind the scenes there is an army of worker ants bidden … nay, programmed to keep the wheels turning. They do not make decisions based on humanity’s core moral principles because they are not permitted to stray from the diktats of government or business who employ them.
Here in Indonesia, when a corrupt regent or governor instructs their inner circle of bureaucrats to do their bidding, they comply. Lower echelons whose task is to serve we the people, they prevaricate, without recognising that they are not viewed as thinking folk. After all, they are employed by a Human Resources Department (HRD).
My Webster’s dictionary defines ‘resources’ as “something that a country, state, etc. has and can use to its advantage“, a similar definition to ‘tool’ or ‘implement’, which are “devices to be used in a given capacity.” It follows, therefore, that ‘human resources’ are but tools to be used.
The use of the word ‘human’ is obviously at odds with ‘resources’. Being taken advantage of does not accord with civil rights, the right to be useful. There is no ‘right’ to be used, yet the bureaucracies of governments and the corporate world dehumanise people, by whom I mean their employees and workers with specific job titles.
Some, such as the private Permata Bank, the state-owned Bank Mandiri, and the non-transparent Sampoerna Business Group take this one step further by having a Human Capital Services Department, Division or Group. What next? A Human Revenue Services Division with a colour bar: black and red?
However, it’s not just language which affects the mindset of Indonesian bureaucrats but the remnants of Javanese, Dutch and Soeharto-ist colonialism.
Rowan in Bali has written: There are few kind words to be said about any bureaucracy, anywhere in the world (perhaps fewer than colonialism itself). A happy medium somewhere between the facelessness of the stringent Dutch bureaucracy and its ugly post-colonial offspring that is manipulated by those in positions of power is a true rarity. In Indonesia, the colonial roots of the nation’s civil service are clear and remain – seventy years after independence – woven into the fabric of the archipelago’s politics.
That ‘fabric’ is centuries old. Priyayi is a Javanese word coined initially for court officials in pre-colonial kingdoms, the descendants of the adipati or governors, the first of whom were appointed in the 17th century by the Sultan Agung of Mataram to administer the principalities he had conquered. They subsequently moved into the Dutch colonial civil service, and then on to become administrators of the Indonesian republic.
In his book Religion of Java (1960), the social anthropologist Clifford Geertz examined the social status of the priyayi. They distinguish themselves from the peasantry and the merchant class by defining their work for the government as alus (refined), as opposed to trading, farming, and laboring, which are defined as kasar (unrefined).
The Dutch established schools known as Opleiding School Voor Inlandsche Ambtenaren (OSVIA). Student fees were high and, as stipulated in a regulation issued in 1919 by the Dutch government, they were selected based on personal recommendations from administration officials. Bupatis (regents) could exercise a right to submit the names of relatives and friends. Therefore, only the gentry class could afford to enrol their children in OSVIA.
A hundred years later, attitudes towards serving the needs of the nation rather than vested interests are still barely recognised, and that will be the focus of Part 3b. In the meantime, for an insider’s viewpoint of the problems within the successor to OSVIA, the National Institute of Public Administration, download and read this paper which ponders why “a policy of innovation … is poor in creating breakthroughs.“
There have been “numerous criticisms and shortcomings of government agencies in delivering public service served as basis of NIPA reform because this agency has responsibility to train government officials and managers to serve people. Poor breakthrough or innovation in the public sector leads to poor quality in the public service delivery. New training model, which was introduced by NIPA in 2013, is seen as a response to improve officials’ attitude and spirit and to shift their paradigm in conducting public service.”
The following oligarchs have controversial track records in managing their palm oil holdings, and have also established education institutes named after their conglomerates and, in the case of one, himself.
*The aim of training ‘leaders’ is stated in the ‘brochure’ website of each of their educational institutes. In other words, they are inculcating their own personal values – which put vast profits before the rakyat not on their gravy trains.
Another company founded by Eka Tipta Wijaya is Asia Pulp & Paper (APP) which as a result of the 1997 Asian financial crisis (krismon) defaulted on more than $10 billion of deb. Since then, the company has been at the center of many environmental controversies and has been accused of being involved in illegal logging in Cambodia, China, and Indonesia.
– In June 2012, APP published a sustainability roadmap representing its zero deforestation commitments: but APP is still continuously monitored by international environmental NGOs.
– In 2013 it was reported (p.13. WWF report) that Sinar Mas had a processing mill in what was the forest around the protected Tessa Nila forest complex in Riau. Also (p.4 ibid) APP had a plywood factory. With the increased economic value of the two commodities, illegal palm oil plantations encroached in the protected area.
Sinar Mas World Academy Vision: “To shape the future as a dynamic learning community that embraces Asia and engages globally.”
“A sound mind, a sound body …”
So those with physical and/or mental handicaps are not acceptable?
“… ability of life-long learning …”
If you’re not learning, you’re already dead.
“… an optimistic attitude towards life and a strong sense of social responsibility.”
Open to interpretation and/or indoctrination.
– We will engage with our learning community.
– We will act as members of our learning community.
Two statements with basically the same meaning.
– We will thrive as leaders.*
Budi and Michael Hartono have been the richest oligarchs in Indonesia for several years, Their Djarum Group has expanded from tobacco into palm oil via PT Hartono Plantations Indonesia (HPI), “which presides over tens of thousands of hectares in Kalimantan” but doesn’t seem to have a company website. The link suggests that through seven companies, mainly in West Kalimantan, HPI’s palm oil holdings at the end of 2013 totalled 85,225 hectares (Roughly 859 square kilometres/330 square miles = 25% larger than Jakarta.)
HPI does not appear to be a member of the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) which, since 2004, “has been transforming the palm oil industry in collaboration with the global supply chain, to put it on a sustainable path.”
Getting more information about Djarum Group’s palm oil activities depends on the websites of sub-contracted companies, such as elma which offers “trustworthy natural services services“.
Such as …
“Djarum is committed to realizing Indonesia’s potential to become a well-rounded world citizen through the Djarum Foundation operates a number of programs in selected fields that have been chosen for their potential to make a positive difference to society. Specifically, Djarum Foundation promotes excellence through community, sport, environmental conservation, educational and cultural expression programs.”
Maybe it’s the cynic in me, but the feel good factor built into all these programmes ensures that the Djarum tobacco brands remain in the mind’s eye for all those susceptible to their addictive products. One would think that their Sports Initiative would be counter-productive. But no: “since 1969 Djarum has actively supported badminton, arguably Indonesia’s best sport. Furthermore, since 1992, nine PB Djarum athletes have scored Olympic medals for the nation, a record to be proud of.”
Their Environmental Initiatives are well co-ordinated and, it could be said, essential. Their co-ordinated corporate T-shirts worn by volunteers (or staff?) aren’t..
Since 1984, through Djarum Scholarship Plus, the foundation has given “both financial support and soft skills training to good graduates with bachelor degrees, honing recipients’ abilities and skills to become intellectual leaders. As such, it is hoped that recipients can widen their horizons and develop the emotional and intellectual skills necessary to build Indonesia into a strong country capable of rising to future challenges.“.
[Click for the full-sized image of a carefully posed Djarum ‘Leadership Development’ session.]
Putera Sampoerna gained his wealth as heir to the Sampoerna cigarette company (PT HM Sampoerna Tbk.) which he led from 1978 until 2000, when he was replaced by his son Michael. In 2005 he sold 97% of his family’s shares, and thus the company itself, to Philip Morris International which in the past had been charged with money laundering and racketeering.
After the sale, Putera and his family founded investment company Sampoerna Strategic which has businesses in the telecommunications, agriculture, forestry, and the micro-finance industry.
As of September 2016 SGRO had 137,995 hectares of land. The company says it is committed to create a harmonious and balanced business practice through the triple bottom line concept (3P – People, Planet, Product) … which … serve as a foundation and belief that welfare creation is the peak of a sustainable business performance.
SGRO does not have a No Deforestation, No Peat, No Exploitation (NDPE) policy with its CPO buyers: Golden Agri-Resources, Louis Dreyfous, Wahana Citra Nabati.
It claims to preserve High Conservation Value areas, yet the company does not make known the amount of preserved hectares.
In August 2016 the company was ordered to pay $76 million over fires that burned across one of its concessions in Riau province in 2014.
Putera Sampoerna Foundation
I wrote at some length three years ago about the PSF, and my posts remain high in the ‘top posts’ list in the right side bar. Read Putera Sampoerna – Saint or Sinner? online here or download a pdf file.