1. More than half of the world’s 671 million obese individuals live in just ten countries – the USA, China and India, Russia, Brazil, Mexico, Egypt, Germany, Pakistan, and Indonesia.
2. In Indonesia , obesity is often perceived as a problem of the ‘haves’ but in Indonesia it also effects the ‘have nots’.
Despite the fact that high-calorie food is now affordable for more of the public, the government has not yet stipulated rules to manage the ingredients in processed food.
While those with disposable incomes, the newly middle-class ‘haves’, chow down on fast foods, the ‘have nots’ cannot afford a ‘healthy’ diet.
Obesity leads to the increased risk of an early death from non-communicable diseases including type 2 diabetes, hypertension and stroke, certain forms of cancer, and cardiovascular diseases, which currently account for 30% percent of all non-communicable disease deaths in Indonesia.
There is no mention of ‘health’ in the Jokowi-Kalla programme. However, as Jakarta Governor, Jokowi has initiated a number of programmes, such as slum clearances and the rehousing of squatters, increasing open space, the increase in public transport (which should lead to greater mobility and less stress), and other programmes related to living conditions should lead to healthier lives, i.e. preventative health measures..
The free health services programme for those officially classified as poor could be classified as primary health care , especially if local clinics, known as puskesmas, are properly resourced and staffed.
Therefore, we can only assume, or hope, that when/if elected Jokowi will initiate programmes which benefit the nation, much as they have benefited the citizens of Solo and Jakarta.
Prabowo-Hatta do mention health. Under their programme ‘Promulgate populist economy’ they propose to “allocate Rp 1 billion annually for every village for the construction of bridges, irrigation, barns, cooperatives, markets, health clinics, institutional empowerment and youth programs.”
Also, under their programme to “Improve the quality of social development through health, religion, social, cultural and sports programs”, P-H would:
– Guarantee free health care for the poor through the Social Security Management Agency (BPJS).
– Develop modern hospitals in all cities and regencies.
– Require all fresh university graduates and doctors to serve in remote and poor regions.
However, there is no overt mention of preventative health care, the notion that with a better lifestyle – natural food and a balanced diet, exercise, access to potable water and sanitation etc. – many diseases can be prevented.
Both pairs therefore are awarded a deformed thumb up.
Current cumulative score: Jokowi-Kalla -1 / Prabowo-Hatta 1½