Did you know that President SBY has an office with a special envoy for the MDGs?
Furthermore the office has rolled out a new program to raise awareness of them among the country’s youth.
The President’s special envoy for the MDGs, Nila Djuwita Anfasa Moeloek, said the program, a series of discussions, aimed to encourage youth participation. “Youth can participate by retweeting one of our national goals,” she said. “We don’t need to expose things that are irrelevant to the nation’s development, such as the First Lady’s use of Instagram.”
Mrs. SBY has got into trouble recently for reacting angrily to some comments left on her account, but she has since apologised. The problem, as should be obvious, is that neither Instagram nor Twitter encourage ‘thought’; everything is geared to the ‘look-at-me-in-the-here-and-now’ ephemeral moment.
And that’s why I’m somewhat puzzled by my lead story.
The MDGs (Millenium Development Goals) are eight international development goals that were established following the Millennium Summit of the United Nations in 2000, following the adoption of the United Nations Millennium Declaration. All 189 United Nations member states at the time (there are 193 currently) and at least 23 international organizations committed to help achieve the Millennium Development Goals by 2015.
So, before tweeting, perhaps it would be a good idea for “the nation’s youth” to know how much of the goals agreed upon some 13 years ago have been achieved by their elders.
The best resource is the UNDP Indonesia Annual Report 2012 which can be downloaded from here (.pdf). This is my source for the following, unless otherwise stated.
MDG 1 is a challenge in Indonesia despite impressive economic growth in recent decades. According to the Central Statistics Agency, almost 30 million people, or 12.36%, in Indonesia live below the national poverty line. Certain regions of Indonesia are also poorer than others; with poverty rates in regions like Papua (36.4%), Aceh and Nusa Tenggara Timurmore than double that of the national average.
MDG 2. Even though Indonesia is on-track to achieve universal primary education by 2015, progress has been uneven. According to the Central Statistics Agency (BPS), 32% of Papuan children under 15 years of age were illiterate in 2010. This is the highest illiteracy rate in the country
MDG 3. There has been some shift in socio-cultural norms and values to better protect the rights of women and men as reflected in several laws that have been revised. There are also signs, however, of an emergence of religion-inspired discriminatory legislation at the local level. The challenge now is to strengthen the implementation of gender mainstreaming by improving legislative and policy frameworks, to enforce coordination of gender mainstreaming efforts among national ministries and all levels of public institutions, and to replicate good practices displayed throughout Indonesia. (fr. World Bank Policy Brief 2013)
MDG 4. 228 per 100,000 live births in Indonesia result in maternal death in Indonesia. The maternal death rate is one of the highest in South-East Asia.
MDG 5. In the area of maternal health, skilled healthcare providers attend almost all births in Jakarta compared to less than half in five other Indonesian provinces.
MDG 6 HIV and AIDS estimates (2012)
Number of people living with HIV
Adults aged 15 to 49 prevalence rate: 610,000 [390,000 – 940,000]
Adults aged 15 + living with HIV: 0.4% [0.3% – 0.7%]
Women aged 15 + living with HIV: 590,000 [380,000 – 910,000]
Children aged 0 to 14 living with HIV: 230,000 [150,000 – 370,000]
Deaths due to AIDS – not known (!)
Orphans due to AIDS aged 0 to 17: 27,000 [16,000 – 42,000]
MDG 7. fr. United Nations Environment Programme
Indonesia’s strategic longterm development plan (2005-2025) aims to achieve a “green and ever-lasting Indonesia.” This objective is further pursued in Indonesia’s second medium term development plan (2010-2014) which contains specific policies and goals on mainstreaming sustainable development and natural resource and environmental management.
MDG 8. UNDP, in partnership with the Indonesian Government, is working towards MDGs achievement and poverty reduction by drawing on its wealth of knowledge and vast networks of other experienced UNDP offices throughout the world. UNDP seeks to build stronger pro-poor government policy making, planning and budgeting processes, to improve service delivery, and to accelerate MDGs achievement.
Accelerated development policies and programmes by national and subnational governments for Tanah Papua are now coordinated through a single body under the Office of the Vice President, rather than several government bodies, in order to increase effectiveness and pooling of resources.
Government-driven poverty reduction efforts must be underwritten by sound policy, planning and budgeting. If these three components are not in place, these efforts to reduce poverty are likely to be ineffective. With this in mind, UNDP supported the Presidential Regulation No’s 65/2011 and 66/2011 on the ‘Acceleration of Development in Papua and West Papua’ and the ‘Unit for MDGs’.
So, my young friends … now you’ve got the above facts, please get tweeting, 140 characters at a time.