…. and regional and national governments.
The Guardian is highlighting the the latest revision to World Urbanisation Prospects(.pdf) by the UN. This is a readily accessible release of statistics and estimates which highlight the growth of megacities, which are not necessarily confined to the boundaries but also include the suburban sprawl and newly created cities and towns (urban agglomerations) which provide commuters.
Jakarta thus includes Bogor, Depok, Tangerang and Bekasi, a conurbation sometimes known as the barely pronounceable Jabodetabekjur, a name formed by combining the initial syllables of the just listed municipalities, with the final syllable of Cianjur. (I prefer Jabadebekoboggertangarpong, abbreviated to Japong.)
Data refer to the functional urban area, that is, contiguous areas which are consistently urban in character as indicated by levels of population density, economic functions and facilities. Jakarta covers five municipalities (kotamadya): Jakarta Selatan, Jakarta Timur, Jakarta Pusat, Jakarta Barat, and Jakarta Utara. Data for 1990 did not refer to the functional urban area. Appropriate estimates were derived by using the ratio of the population in the functional urban area to that of the population in the relevant municipalities as derived from the 1980 census.
For those of you interested in the methodology, click here (.pdf).
For those of us who haven’t a clue about higher mathematics, I’ve extracted the following data.
(All figures in ‘000s)
The statistics for Indonesia are taken from the censuses of 1961, 1971, 1980, 1990, 2000 and 2010, with estimates for 1950 and predictions for 2025.
Make of that what you will, and hope that Jokowi and other elected leaders have the drive and imagination to overcome the inertia of the entrenched mindsets of politicians and bureaucrats.
Otherwise, there’s a simple message for all those thinking of moving to the overcrowded dysfunctional megamesses: Abandon Hope All Ye Who Enter Here.