Firstly, let me be the umpteenth to wish SBY a happy 56th birthday today.
Right. That’s the pleasanteries done with; now for the serious stuff.
Indcoup commenting on my post yesterday: Interesting is the reason why they had him killed. Apparently, Munir was encroaching too much on Hendropriyono’s business activities in Papua (illegal logging!).
Of course, I can’t find any info online about H’s extra-curricular activities, but this c.v. from his spell in Megawati’s Cabinet, when, incidentally, SBY was Coordinating Minister for Political, Social and Security Affairs, does show qualifications, experience and, therefore, opportunity. In other words, this is circumstantial evidence.
Head of State Intelligence Service/KaBIN
Lt. Gen. (ret) AM. Hendropriyono
Place and Date of Birth: Yogyakarta, 7 May 1945
- Master of Social Politics / Drs. Master of Law / SH, Master of Economics / Drs. and MBA
- National Military Academy (1964-1967)
- Joined the School of Army Military Command at the Fort Leavenworth, Missouri, (1981)
- High School of State Knowledge Administration (STIA-LAN)
- MBA from the University of the Philippines, Manila (1994)
- Master of Law from Military School of Law (1994)
- Secretary, Control Operation Development
- Minister of Transmigration and Forestry (under Habibie’s government)
- Commandant, Korem Garuda Hitam Lampung in the GPK Warsidi’s Accident (sic) *
- Chief, Bakorstanasda
- Commander, Jaya Command
Note that he was Minister of Forestry in the short-lived Habibie administration shortly after Suharto’s abdication.
Also, he was a high ranking member of the military forces which kidnapped activists, organised militia groups and generally caused mayhem and paranoia in the dark days of the nineties.
That he has stymied the investigation into Munir’s assassination has been well-documented.
Please note that it is not the intention of Jakartass to cast aspersions. Others have done that for all of us. Such cases are invariably difficult to prove, or disprove, without a full disclosure in a court of law.
This is, of course, unlikely to happen in Indonesia.
* GPK ‘Warsidi’ Incident
fr. Amnesty International Report 1.9.94
Power and Impunity, Human Rights under the New Order
There is substantial evidence that the government, through its military intelligence agencies, has encouraged some Islamic groups to use violence. The purpose appears to have been to provide a pretext for widespread crack-downs against Muslim activists and to undermine lawful Muslim organizations, such as the PPP, the lawful Islamic party. Hundreds of people have been jailed since the late 1970s on the pretext that they were involved with these militant organizations. The detainees have included preachers, pamphleteers, Mosque officials and scholars.
One of the most significant series of Muslim trials began in 1985, a year after soldiers had massacred scores of protesters in Tanjung Priok, Jakarta. Once again there was evidence of military provocation, and again the violence was used to justify widespread arrests and prosecutions. Around half of the 200 people arrested in connection with the protest were subsequently brought to trial. Some were accused of acts of violence, but scores were sentenced to years in jail because of their peaceful beliefs. Several prominent opposition figures, including three members of the ‘Petition of Fifty’ group, were also jailed after criticizing the government?s handling of the affair and calling for an independent inquiry.
The next major series of trials began in 1986 and continued until 1989. The defendants were members of small Islamic communities, known as usroh and based in Central Java, which aimed to spread Islamic teachings and values. At least 40 usroh members were convicted of subversion, for allegedly seeking to establish an Islamic state and undermine Pancasila. Little or no evidence was presented to substantiate these allegations.
In early 1989 the spotlight shifted from the usroh groups after government troops attacked an alleged militant Islamic sect in Lampung, known by the name of its leader, Warsidi. In the aftermath of the assault, which may have left as many as 100 people dead, the government began a widespread crack-down against Muslims believed to be linked with the ‘Warsidi Gang‘. Scores of Muslim activists were arrested in subsequent months in Lampung, Nusa Tenggara Barat, West Java and Jakarta. Most were tried for subversion in 1989 and 1990. All were found guilty and sentenced to terms of up to life imprisonment.